Elimination Using Multiplication
Prime Factors
Equations Involving Rational Exponents
Working with Percentages and Proportions
Rational Expressions
Interval Notation and Graphs
Simplifying Complex Fractions
Dividing Whole Numbers with Long Division
Solving Compound Linear Inequalities
Raising a Quotient to a Power
Solving Rational Equations
Solving Inequalities
Adding with Negative Numbers
Quadratic Inequalities
Dividing Monomials
Using the Discriminant in Factoring
Solving Equations by Factoring
Subtracting Polynomials
Cube Root
The Quadratic Formula
Multiply by the Reciprocal
Relating Equations and Graphs for Quadratic Functions
Multiplying a Polynomial by a Monomial
Calculating Percentages
Solving Systems of Equations using Substitution
Comparing Fractions
Solving Equations Containing Rational Expressions
Factoring Polynomials
Negative Rational Exponents
Roots and Radicals
Intercepts Given Ordered Pairs and Lines
Factoring Polynomials
Solving Linear Inequalities
Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions
Solving Equations by Multiplying or Dividing
The Addition Method
Finding the Equation of an Inverse Function
Solving Compound Linear Inequalities
Multiplying and Dividing With Square Roots
Exponents and Their Properties
Equations as Functions
Factoring Trinomials
Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
Dividing by Decimals
Lines and Equations
Simplifying Complex Fractions
Graphing Solution Sets for Inequalities
Standard Form for the Equation of a Line
Checking Division with Multiplication
Elimination Using Addition and Subtraction
Complex Fractions
Multiplication Property of Equality
Solving Proportions Using Cross Multiplication
Product and Quotient of Functions
Quadratic Functions
Solving Compound Inequalities
Operating with Complex Numbers
Equivalent Fractions
Changing Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers
Multiplying by a Monomial
Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities Graphically
Dividing Polynomials by Monomials
Multiplying Cube Roots
Operations with Monomials
Properties of Exponents
Mixed Numbers and Improper Fractions
Equations Quadratic in Form
Simplifying Square Roots That Contain Whole Numbers
Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial
Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation
Solutions to Linear Equations in Two Variables
Solving Linear Inequalities
Multiplying Two Mixed Numbers with the Same Fraction
Special Fractions
Solving a Quadratic Inequality
Parent and Family Graphs
Solving Equations with a Fractional Exponent
Evaluating Trigonometric Functions
Solving Equations Involving Rational Expressions
Laws of Exponents
Multiplying Polynomials
Vertical Line Test
Solving Inequalities with Fractions and Parentheses
Multiplying Polynomials
Solving Quadratic and Polynomial Equations
Extraneous Solutions
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The aim of this document is to provide a short, self assessment programme for students who wish to acquire a basic competence in the use of fractions.

The first thing to note is that all fractions can be represented in many different ways. Thus 3/12, 4/16, 5/20 represent the same fraction which, in its lowest terms , is 1/4.

Example 1

To show that each of the above fractions is equal to 1/4 we proceed as follows:

The fractions in the left hand column each have a factor common to the numerator (top) and denominator (bottom) of that fraction, which is cancelled to give the fraction in its lowest terms.

In many problems it is necessary to carry out the reverse procedure, i.e. multiplying the numerator and denominator of a fraction by a common factor to obtain an equivalent fraction.

Example 2

Arrange each of the following fractions in the order of size.

( a ) 3 /4 , ( b ) 2 /3 , ( c ) 5 /6 .


To determine their relative order, each fraction must be written with the same denominator. The smallest such number is 12.

The order of size, starting with the smallest, is 2/3, 3/4, 5/6.


In each case below, arrange the fractions in increasing order of size.

(a) 7/12 , 1/2 , 2/3 .

(b) 1/3, 5/8, 3/4 .

(c) 5/6, 8/9, 11/12.

(d) 2/3, 3/5, 7/10.


(a) The least common denominator of the fractions is 12, so

Since 7/12 already has 12 as denominator, the required order of the fractions is

(b) In this case, the least common denominator of the fractions is 24.

The fractions are thus increasing in the order in which they appear.

(c) In this case the least common denominator of the fractions is 36.

The fractions are thus increasing in the order in which they appear.

(d) In this case the least common denominator of the fractions is 30.

The fractions, in increasing order of size, are 3/5, 2/3, 7/10.

Now try this short quiz.


Of the following sets of fractions, exactly one is in ascending order of size. Which one?

(a) 1/3, 3/5, 5/8. (b) 3/8, 2/3, 3/4. (c) 2/3, 3/4, 1/2. (d) 3/5, 5/7, 1/2.


Putting each of them in the form of a fraction with denominator 24,

These are obviously in ascending order. Repeating this with the others will show that this is the only set in ascending order.

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